A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt - download pdf or read online

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By R. David, Anthony E. David

ISBN-10: 0806128224

ISBN-13: 9780806128221

Very important old and cultural figures in addition to a few famous members in Egypt's lengthy background (c 3100 BC - c advert six hundred) are included during this paintings of reference. Rulers and contributors in their households, major figures and significant foreigners with whom the Egyptians got here into touch are all integrated. The entries are in response to unique resource fabric and there are bibliographies for every access.

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Extra resources for A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt

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Akhenaten’s unique contribution was to ensure that the Aten’s cult approached a form of monotheism; the god was regarded as unique and omnipotent, a universal, supreme and loving deity who was symbolised by the life-giving sun. The king, as the god’s sole earthly representative, became virtually interchangeable with the Aten and communed with him every day. 3 robin-bobin AKHENATEN It is difficult to determine the extent to which these ideas were innovative and revolutionary; they were at least partly a restatement of an earlier belief in a supreme deity which had been represented by the gods Re or Amun.

Akhenaten was first buried in the royal tomb at Amarna; later generations regarded him as a heretic and a disastrous ruler and every effort was made to expunge his name from the records and to return to religious orthodoxy. Modern scholarship has variously interpreted him as a fanatic, a political opportunist, a mystic and a visionary, a prophet before his time, and the first individual in history. It has also been suggested that he was the pharaoh of the Exodus, and Sigmund Freud proposed that he had been the inspiration of *Moses and of Jewish monotheism.

The marriage 17 robin-bobin ANKHESENPAATEN was intended to consolidate *Tutankhamun’s claim to the throne. Furniture found in *Tutankhamun’s tomb shows the couple in scenes of domestic intimacy, following the new tradition set by *Akhenaten and *Nefertiti. On the gilded coronation throne, *Tutankhamun is shown being anointed by his wife; they share a pair of sandals, each of them wearing only one sandal, and the rays of the Aten (sun’s disc) descend and bestow bounty on them. The length of time the couple remained at Tell el Amarna is uncertain; one opinion is that they continued to live and rule there for most of Tutankhamun’s reign, making only a gradual return to the worship of the pantheon of traditional gods.

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A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by R. David, Anthony E. David

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