Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.'s A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History) PDF

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By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

ISBN-10: 0816066728

ISBN-13: 9780816066728

ISBN-10: 1438108249

ISBN-13: 9781438108247

Historic Egypt used to be one of many longest-lasting civilizations the area has ever identified. This publication explores Egypt's large political, monetary, social, and cultural advancements, from the potent civilization of the prior to the varied cultural and political panorama, overlaying virtually 6,000 years of historical past.

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Extra info for A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History)

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An excellent example is Baybars (r. 1260–77), who had served his predecessor, Qutuz (r. 1259–60), at Ayn Jalut. Soon after the victory he killed his master and convinced the other Mamluks to accept him as their new sultan. Ever mindful of the Mongol threat to the east, Baybars tried to bring much of Syria under Mamluk control. This meant absorbing a few lands still under Ayyubid princes and reducing the crusaders’ territories to a coastal strip. He did not let religion or nationality stop him from making useful alliances.

Antony (252–356), devout Christians became hermits or founded monasteries in the Egyptian desert, living a communal life devoted mainly to study and prayer remote from the centers of wealth and power. The Roman Empire depended heavily on the wheat and wine produced in the Nile Valley and Delta. However, the Egyptian people had no right to citizenship in the empire, and Egypt’s Roman rulers did not respect the region’s cultural heritage. Many statues and obelisks were taken from Egypt to the empire’s eastern and western capitals, Rome and Constantinople.

The collapse of Ayyubid rule came from within. The Ayyubids had built up a corps of Turkish soldiers recruited from Central Asia and trained as slave-soldiers. Known as Mamluks (mamluk in Arabic means “owned man”), these slaves had saved Egypt from European invaders, specifically the Seventh Crusade. Now they took the country for themselves and opened a new chapter in its history. 48 4 MAMLUK AND OTTOMAN RULE (1250–1798) I n 1250 Egypt fell under rule by the Turks. Once again as so often in its past, the rulers spoke a different language from their subjects, who by now spoke mostly Arabic.

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A Brief History of Egypt (Brief History) by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

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